If we want to cultivate a garden in the city, we must follow a series of steps to have a coherent garden at home that meets our needs. Now, we are going to see the steps to follow to create an urban garden:
1. Location of the garden at home
Although it seems obvious, we must remember that we have three possibilities; in the gallery – balcony of the house, inside the house (using the hydroponic system), and a garden on the terrace or patio that can be private or communal. Note: In many cities, there are suburban community gardens that are shared and rented monthly, in most cases.
In this section, we will fully focus on a vegetable garden built on the terrace of the building as it is the most coherent and viable option. But… What should I look at before deciding where to put the garden? Here are three key elements before deciding on the location: We need light. We need to find a space with the greatest and continuous exposure to the sun. For vegetables, the minimum should be between 5 and 6 hours of direct sunlight per day.
Orientation matters a lot. For Spain, the ideal is Southwest or South for most vegetables and, for leafy vegetables (lettuce, watercress, arugula, aromatic, etc.) with three or four hours a day of the sun are good. Need for water. We need to locate the garden in an area where we have access to a water intake; that is, to water or connect the irrigation and drip system.
The best option is to put the garden on the patio or terrace of the building; We do not occupy space at home; it is located outdoors, we can produce more vegetables for the family garden, we can move well to work coherently, etc.
What tools do I need to work the garden?
This depends a lot on the economy and the skill of each user. We are going to talk about the needs and the different utensils that are used to manage a crop on a terrace. Spear hoe. It is used to remove plant debris and weeds, remove soil, aerate.
- Fork hoe or escardillo. It is used to do the digging, turning the soil, breaking up clods, and weeding weeds and weeds.
- Cultivator. It serves to scratch the surface and aerates it.
- Palita or transplanter . We can open holes to plant seeds and seedlings.
- Mango rake. It is practically used for everything, but with the main function of dragging plant debris.
- Carrycot and gloves. The baskets are very useful for transplanting and moving soil from one place to another. Protecting our hands is always good, and gloves are the best option for home gardens, make sure they are a bit thick.
What containers can I use in the terrace garden?
The market already offers us different types of containers that adapt perfectly to the size of the patio, terrace or balcony. Planters and pots Most planters and pots are already made directly from PVC or bioplastic plastic, and with multiple sizes and shapes, so we have many options to buy. They are the cheapest containers!
Keep in mind that there are some that have a small water reserve tank that supplies irrigation to the plants by capillarity. They are very useful if we are clueless or go on vacation. As a counterpoint, in the following section, you can see the most original flowerpot we have ever seen.
They are usually made of wood and treated to withstand outdoor weather conditions. We find them with a square or rectangular shape and of different sizes. It has an interior geotextile coating to preserve the wood and contain the earth while maintaining moisture. The drawers are a little more expensive and have different compartments that we can use to separate the different crops.
Normally people do not usually use raffia bags for a terrace garden, but it should be noted that sometimes they are very useful because they are light and can be easily transported. They are also made with a weather-resistant and water permeable geotextile and some even have compartments.